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Minimum Cost of Building a House In Nigeria

The Cost of Building a House in Nigeria in 2023

Building a house in Nigeria can be a costly undertaking. The cost of constructing a house depends on several factors, including the type of construction, the materials used, labor costs, and the location of the property. To give an estimate of the total cost, it is important to consider these factors.

First, the type of construction plays a major role in the cost of building a house. Construction methods such as masonry, blockwork, and timber frame construction all have different costs associated with them. In addition, the quality of the materials used in the construction process will also affect the total cost. For instance, high-quality materials such as bricks, concrete blocks, and timber will cost more than lower-quality materials.

Then, there is labor costs are another factor that can significantly increase the total cost of building a house. In Nigeria, the cost of labor will vary depending on the region and the type of labor required. For instance, building a house in Lagos will require more expensive labor than in other parts of the country. Additionally, the type of labor required for the construction process will also affect the overall cost. For instance, skilled labor such as masons, electricians, and plumbers will be more expensive than unskilled labor.

Finally, the location of the property can also have a major impact on the total cost of building a house in the country. The cost of land in cities or other areas where demand is high will be much higher than in rural areas. Additionally, the cost of building permits and other associated fees will also add to the total cost.

Overall, the cost of building a house can be quite high depending on the factors mentioned above. It is important to consider these factors when estimating the total cost of the project. With careful planning and budgeting, it is possible to build a house at a reasonable cost.

Rising Building Costs on the Nigerian Housing Market

The Nigerian housing market has experienced significant upheavals in recent years, with rising building costs seen as a major contributing factor. This article will explore the impact of this development on the Nigerian housing market, examining its causes and analyzing the implications on the country’s property sector.

The main cause of rising building costs in Nigeria is the increasing cost of materials, particularly cement and steel. This is largely due to the devaluation of the local currency, the naira, which has led to a sharp rise in the cost of imported materials. Other factors include the country’s weak infrastructure, which has resulted in longer delivery times and higher transportation costs, as well as high levels of corruption, which has seen construction costs become increasingly inflated.

The impact of rising building costs on the Nigerian housing market has been significant. In addition to making housing less affordable, the increase in building costs has resulted in a slowdown in new construction projects. This, in turn, has decreased the supply of housing in the country, leading to a rise in property prices and a decrease in availability. Furthermore, the higher cost of construction has led to a decrease in the quality of housing, as developers have been forced to cut corners in order to remain competitive.

The implications of the increased building costs on the Nigerian housing market are far-reaching. The lack of affordable housing has exacerbated the country’s already severe shortage of adequate housing and has put further pressure on an already strained housing sector. Furthermore, the decrease in the quality of construction has had an adverse effect on the safety of housing structures, leading to an increased risk of structural failure.

In order to address the impact of rising building costs on the Nigerian housing market, it is essential that steps are taken to improve the country’s infrastructure and reduce levels of corruption. Additionally, measures should be taken to reduce the cost of imported building materials, such as implementing tariffs or subsidizing the cost of the materials in order to make housing more affordable. Finally, the government should work to improve access to finance, as this will enable more people to enter the housing market and help to increase the supply of housing in the country.

Minimum Cost of Building a House In Nigeria
A house built in Ebony state south East nigeria.

In conclusion, rising building costs in Nigeria have had a significant impact on the Nigerian housing market, with implications that have been felt both in terms of affordability and quality. However, by taking steps to reduce the cost of imported materials, improving infrastructure and access to finance, and reducing levels of corruption, it is possible to mitigate the effects of rising building costs and contribute to a more vibrant and accessible housing market in Nigeria.

Challenges of Building a House in Nigeria

In 2022, building a house in Nigeria will present a range of unique challenges. With a rapidly growing population and an increasingly complex housing market, there are a number of considerations that must be taken into account when embarking on such a project. To ensure a successful outcome, it is essential to understand the local landscape, as well as the various regulations and requirements that must be met.

The most important consideration when building a house in Nigeria is the cost. Building materials, labor, and other associated costs can vary significantly depending on the location, making it important to do research and find the best deals. Property taxes and other local fees should also be taken into account when planning the budget.

Another challenge is finding suitable land. With the population of Nigeria growing rapidly, the land is becoming increasingly scarce and expensive. It is important to be aware of any potential zoning restrictions that may impact the property and to ensure that all necessary permits are obtained.

Another potential challenge is the availability of skilled labor. Construction work is a highly specialized field, and finding workers with the necessary experience and expertise can be difficult. It is important to ensure that all workers are properly insured and certified and that they adhere to safety regulations.

Finally, it is important to consider the environmental impact of the project. As Nigeria is a developing country, many areas are susceptible to flooding and other natural disasters. Taking measures to protect the property from potential damage is essential. Additionally, it is important to observe any local regulations regarding deforestation and water conservation.

By taking these considerations into account, it is possible to successfully build a house in Nigeria in 2022. Doing the necessary research and planning ahead of time will help ensure a successful outcome.

Why you should build in Nigeria

In recent years, prefabricated home construction has become a popular choice for residential building projects in Nigeria. As the country continues to grow and develop, it is expected that the demand for housing will increase significantly in the coming years. Prefabricated homes offer a cost-effective and time-efficient solution to the challenge of providing quality housing for the growing population.

Prefabricated homes are constructed with pre-manufactured components that are easily assembled on-site. This type of construction offers several advantages over traditional construction methods. Firstly, prefabricated homes can be constructed in a fraction of the time that it would take to build a conventional home. This can significantly reduce the cost of construction, as well as the amount of time needed to complete the project. Secondly, prefabricated homes are often more energy-efficient than traditional homes, resulting in lower energy bills for homeowners. Lastly, prefabricated homes are usually more durable than traditional homes, which can help to reduce maintenance costs.

In addition to the cost and time savings associated with prefabricated home construction, there are also environmental benefits. Prefabricated homes are typically constructed with sustainable materials such as recycled steel and wood, which help to reduce the carbon footprint of the project. Furthermore, prefabricated homes often require less land to build than conventional homes, making them a great choice for urban areas where land is scarce.

Overall, prefabricated home construction offers numerous benefits for residential projects in Nigeria in 2022. The cost and time savings, as well as the environmental benefits, make prefabricated homes an attractive choice for residential building projects. As the demand for housing continues to grow in the coming years, prefabricated home construction may become an increasingly popular choice for Nigerian homeowners.

1. Prices of Things

When it comes to building a house in Nigeria, there 4 major things you have to note of,

  1. Cost of buying lands
  2. Soil type
  3. Building Type
  4. Workmanship
  5. Cost of Finishing

South: Here you have the following

South South has Rivers, Delta, Cross River, Akwa Ibom, Edo, and Bayelsa states. Niger Delta States

Lands here a minimum of 1 million to 25m and above.

Some states like Rivers state and to an extent Delta quite more than that.

South East: Abia, Anambra, Imo, Ebonyi states a minimum of 2 to 18 million Naira and more.

South West minus Lagos: Ekiti, Oyo, Ogun, Osun states.

Minimum of 800k to 14 million Naira.

Lagos: Depends on the area, 10 to 20 million.


North Central: Kogi, Niger, Benue, Kwara, Plateau, Nassarawa minus the Federal Capital Territory.

Minimum of 100,000 to 1 million

FCT: 30 to 50 million minimum.

North-Eastern States: Taraba, Borno, Bauchi, Adamawa, Gombe and Yobe State.

Minimum of 200,000 to 2 million.

North-Western States: Kaduna, Kebbi, Zamfara, Sokoto, Kano, Jigawa and Katsina State.

Minimum of 100,000 to 1 million Naira.

2. Soil type

Having settled for land is time to know the soil texture. Because the cost of a building depends on this aspect. For example, consider the cost of building a 2 bedroom flat on two lands. Land one contains too much moisture and is largely wet, while land two is a normal loamy type f soil.

Land one will require a lot of sand and concrete fillings, and a thick amount of casting before the foundation proper. While land two won’t require that.

The cost won’t be the same. On some lands, the cost of the foundation alone will go a long way to lintel level on Normal land. So good land is very important, if care is not taken you can spend almost all your money budgeted for building the house on the foundation alone.

Minimum Cost of Building a House In Nigeria
Good soil type for Bulding a house in Nigeria

3. Building type

A residential or shops and offices type of building? If it is residential it could be for commercial purposes that are for renting, or do you want to build a personal house or a family house?

The cost of building a Bungalow is different from building a duplex.

For example for a modern 2-bedroom bungalow built in Lagos with the following specs

2 bedrooms of 12′ x 12′

2 toilets of 6′ x 8′

1 kitchen 10′ x 10′

1 store 6′ x 6′

1 dinning 10′ x 10′

1 circulation 6′ x 14′

1 living room 14′ x 16′

foundation :

setting out : 50,000 Naira

excavation : 70000 Naira

foundation footing: 100000 Naira

foundation wall : 250,000 Naira

DPC : 500, 000 Naira

TOTAL FOUNDATION : 970,000 Naira

Super structure

wall of 3m high = 800000

lintel/ head course/concrete facial = 400000



roof truss : 400000( materials & workmanship)

roofing sheet: 300 000 Naira ( long span aluminum roofing)

ceiling : 210000 Naira ( pv ceiling)


plastering/renderings : 500, 000 Naira

floor tiles : 350000 Naira.

painting: 280000 Naira

Windows : 250000 Naira

doors : 250000 Naira

TOTAL FINISHES : 1.630million Naira

total = 5-6million Naira.

5 to 6 million Naira built a 2 bedroom Bungalow, the same amount won’t build a 2 bedroom twin duplex (not decked).

4. Workmanship

This is equally important, how much labour, bricklayers, carpenters, Architects and any other Artist that is necessary for building, will go long way either reducing the amount you spend or increasing it. This is why it is necessary to have a trusted supervisor on site so that you will get what you pay for.

Laborers may decide to scam you with 6 head pansinstead of 10, and then charge you for 10 head pans, at the end of the day you’ll be paying for work not done, so get a supervosor to help you manage your site workers.

5. Finishing

This is another place you should look into. A standard finishing will cost less.

You have to decide between Aluminum roofing sheet or fibre, Sliding windows or Push out, steel or iron doors, tiles or cement flours, POP or cieling.

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